SSi Forum

Tiny questions with quick answers - continuing thread


@AnthonyCusack and @siaronjames - Northern Ireland and Eire is where I learnt a lot of my English in the beginning 'cause I’ve spent about two months there - but I was still struggling with the basics so I don’t remember these kind of details. :smiley:

As for Irish, all I remember is bruscar (because I saw it all the time and we kinda joked on Bruce’s car) and Sinn Féin (because the family I spent quite some time with was on that side of The Troubles).
But I wasn’t impressed by the sound of it like with Welsh! :wink:


Another simple question: how would you say “Welsh spoken here”?
I want to say “Cymraeg wedi’i siarad yma”? but I doubt myself.


“Siaradir Cymraeg Yma” = Welsh is spoken here

It’s quite a formal way of saying it, but much more succinct than its less-formal form “Mae Cymraeg yn cael ei siarad yma”


I was half way through writing something about cael but it looked too long-winded.

Normally @stephenbranley it’s just a big orange speech bubble with Cymraeg written on it


So he did, so :grinning:


Thanks Sharon, that makes sense. I get confused looking at a word like “spoken” into thinking it’s past tense, but of course it can also be present (“is spoken”).


Don’t forget the vowel shift: Siaredir Cymraeg Yma. :wink:


too late - I totally did! :rofl::rofl::rofl:


I didn’t forget it … I didn’t know about it. :wink:


Even though Welsh is so incredibly easier than English for spelling there’s one thing that I still find a bit confusing:
when is the sound “i” supposed to be written i, u, y or e! :thinking:

I guess sometimes I’m just not able to hear a slight difference there may be between them in pronunciation - yet.

And it’s already better than when I started because, for example, I’ve figured out that verbs seem to generally end with u. Am I right?

I was wondering if there are any rules, hints, patterns that might help. And by the way…why are there so many ways to write this one sound in particular?


I struggled with this for a good while. Not ridculous.


Theres a podcast on the net that gives the sounds, its by Gwynyth Angharad. Pronouncing vowel sounds. You can search on her name.

However- they each have two sounds, but you are right, i and y have one of their sounds that is the same. Like ee in English.
Also one of the sounds of U ( the one in Cymru) is that same sound in S. Wales, but more like Ur in N Wales. You just get to know the spellings. You cant really use too much theory on them. They just look right.

A bit like how we learn to speak with SSiW. I noticed a topic on here that was quite complex in terms of grammar theory, and yet strangely, when the definitive answer was given, I thought: Yes, thats right, because it sounds right. Again, the way a first langauge learner picks up language patterns.

Edited. I mixed up Y and U :frowning:


Cwestiwn sydyn/Quick question

Difference between “onid” (unless") and Oni bai (unless) … ? Onid a written Welsh thing? Whats the nuance?


This is what I found. Hopefully helpful.
Onid/Oni can also mean If not (for).
Oni bai can also mean Were it not for.
They seem pretty close.
Also, for some uses, they can mean Except. Close to Heblaw.

Edited -
Also, seem to mean Without fault/error/exception.
You could be correct about written form.


Yes, I think you’re pretty much right here for many :slight_smile: - gwerthu, adeiladu, prynu, gwenu, datblygu - and if you drop the u, or drop the u and add -iad, you get a noun.

Of course, lots of verbs don’t end in a u, but I terms of the sounds you were asking about, u is the ending


I’ve had a look at the video you mentioned, John, but that makes pronunciation seem really complicated…long vowels, short vowels…wha’? :dizzy_face:
I don’t want to confuse myself on the one thing I’ve always enjoyed and never worried about! :rofl:

In fact the reason I was asking (apart from a curiosity about history of the language) is that I whenever I try to write, I usually don’t know (can’t remember) if it’s i, u, y or e.
And I’ve realized it’s the main reason why it takes me ages to write even very short sentences that I would have no problems to say in a second.

So I was hoping to find a few hints and tricks! :wink:


A hundred lines, Siaron. On my desk by tomorrow morning. :confused:


Well now you do, Sir Gruntius - so no more excuses… :wink:

If the syllable before the -ir has A for its vowel, you change it to E.

(talu) - Telir eich cyflog yn fisol- Your salary will be paid monthly


This thread is a constant reminder that the more I learn, the more I realise I don’t know.


…and is Sir Gruntius the Welsh for Gruntiushire? :face_with_hand_over_mouth: