I’m on challenge 24 level 1. It’s really got me confused. Can anyone tell me, why Ges ti, in previous challenges means did you have? eg ges ti Amser da, but now in this challenge ges ti means you had?? Is it used for both? Many thanks in advance.
Ges ti is the past tense of the verb cael (to have - as in receive). Although we translate “ges ti amser da” as “did you have a good time”, actually literally it’s “had you a good time”, which of course doesn’t sound right in English so that’s why we say it in a way that does.
Hopefully this is a tiny question with a quick answer: what’s up with the definite article before a mutated (i.e. disappeared) g? I’m sure I’ve seen both y and yr before the resulting vowel, so which is correct - yr ardd or y ardd; yr wlad or y wlad?
The general rule is that when the g has been dropped, y becomes yr (yr ardd). But there are exceptions where the noun is a feminine noun beginning with gw, in which case the y stays as y (y wlad).
Thanks - does that only apply to gw- words?
It’s still weird (I think) that it would apply even when the w is the proper vowel; it makes sense in words like gwerth where you can still think of the mutated form starting with a consonant-like w- sound, but in gwlad the w is definitely a full vowel…
Then again, languages have a mind of their own and rarely conform to what we think would be more logical!
only to feminine gw- nouns (so in the case of gwerth, which is a masculine noun, it would be yr werth)
Aha - I was going to say that makes sense but it doesn’t really…
But at least it gives me the impetus I need to make sure I really learn the gender of nouns - I didn’t atually know whether gwerth was masculine or feminine. That’s what happens when you’re basically learning a passive understanding, like I am, rather than actively using and speaking the language.
So remember, kids: always learn the grammatical gender of your nouns!
Easier said than done. I had to look up gwerth to check. It’s a huge help if you can learn the genders, but it’s not the end of the world when a gender escapes you - even first language speakers don’t know the gender of every noun they come across, often they just go by what ‘sounds right’.
True; but as a native speaker of a gendered language (Swedish), I still want to get it right, as I know that it’s an integral art of the language!
You meant, of course, y gwerth.
ugh - wrong train of thought! Of course. Doh!